Nano-particle Embedded in Alloy Thermoelectrics
(GA No: 263440)
Nano-particle Embedded in Alloys Thermoelectrics (NEAT) is a research and development project aiming at the development and demonstration of a new class of high performance thermoelectric nano-composites, based on eco-friendly materials.
Thermoelectric materials, when assembled in so-called Thermoelectric Generators (TEG), are an interesting technological option to harvest a fraction of the 15TW thermal power dissipated each year by human activities. In the 27 countries of Europe, traditional power plants, transformation industries (such as glass, steel, or chemical plants) and transport activities are responsible of an enormous quantity of wasted thermal energy, estimated to be more than 520 Mtoe (Million Ton of Oil Equivalent). By transforming part of this dissipated thermal energy into usable electricity, thermoelectric devices appear as a promising opportunity for renewable energy, even if materials performances is still one of the limiting factor of their industrial development.
Until recently, the best known thermoelectric materials had figures of merit (so-called ZT, representing the thermoelectric performance of the material) values near 1. This number can be improved either by increasing the material’s power factor (product of the electrical conductivity and the squared Seebeck coefficient), or by reducing its thermal conductivity.
NEAT will develop an innovative bulk alloy nanocomposite approach capable of attaining ZT>3 at high and medium temperatures by considerably decreasing the material thermal conductivity. In particular, nanoparticle inclusions and grain boundaries of the host matrix alloys will be jointly optimized in order to maximize phonon scattering at multiple length scales, without increasing electron scattering significantly.
This project aims at developing two types of nanocomposites, for the medium (300-600°C) and high (600-1000°C) temperature ranges, suitable to harvest energy in the KW range. These materials, based on eco-friendly materials will have to operate in high thermal gradient such as the ones of automotive engines or industrial systems.
Early recognition, monitoring and integrated management of emerging, new technology related risks
(GA No: 213345)
iNTeg-Risk is a large-scale integrating project aimed at improving the management of emerging risks in the innovative industry. This will be achieved by building a new risk management paradigm for emerging risks, which is a set of principles supported by a common language, commonly agreed tools & methods and Key Performance Indicators integrated into a single framework. As main impact, it will reduce time-to-market for the lead market EU technologies and promote safety, security, environmental friendliness and social responsibility as a trade-mark of the advanced EU technologies.
The project will improve early recognition and monitoring of emerging risks, seek to reduce accidents caused by them (estimated 75 B /year EU27) and decrease reaction times if major accidents involving emerging risks happen. iNTeg-risk will reach its goals by promoting a EU-wide cross-sectorial life-cycle-based integration across all major disciplines, methods and tools as well as through integration of all relevant stakeholders. The project will be initiated from an empirical basis of 17 individual emerging risk issues (Emerging Risk Representative industrial Applications), and generalize their solutions addressing new technologies, products/materials, production and policies.
The solutions will be validated in a second application cycle, and the overall solution made available to stakeholders in the form of the iNTeg-Risk platform: a one-stop shop for EU solutions addressing emerging risks. It will feature issues of early recognition and monitoring of emerging risks, communication, governance, pre-standardization, education & training, dissemination, as well as new tools such as Safetypedia, Atlas of Emerging Risks, Reference Library...
Novel Temperature Regulating Fibres in Garments
(GA No: 203831)
The objective of the project is to develop novel temperature regulating fibres and innovative textile products for thermal management, selected by the SME segment of the textile industry in Europe. The temperature regulating effect is achieved by novel methods of incorporating large amounts of phase changing materials (PCM) in textile fibres. When the body temperature increases, the PCM melts and absorbs the heat from the body in the form of latent heat. Then, when the temperature drops, the PCM crystallizes and the stored heat is released again.
High performance Production line for Small Series Metal Parts
(GA No: 314685)
The general objective of Hyproline is to strengthen the competitiveness of the European industry by introducing novel manufacturing methods for metallic components, which will allow companies to 1)reduce time-to-market and number of rejects, 2)make more customized and innovative products with a higher market value, and 3)make products with more than 20% higher accuracy and considerable savings (>30%) in consumption of waste metal, fluids and services, with an equivalent reduction of CO2 emission. By further developing the manufacturing process itself as well as by research and application work on materials, pre and post treatment of the parts produced utilizing supporting software, Hyproline adds capabilities to commercially available manufacturing systems, in terms of speed, product quality and versatility. By keeping focus on the entire process from conceptual outline of the product via product design, engineering and production planning to actual manufacturing and control of quality, the project contributes to the development of a versatile manufacturing process, suited for industrial production by SMEs of complex custom made metal (meso scale = order 10 mm) parts in small batches or even in one-of-a-kind production mode. The Hyproline manufacturing concept will be demonstrated by its pilot implementation for serial production of customized high quality meso parts for various industrial sectors such as jewellery, electronics and aerospace.
Ola Lyckfeldt email@example.com
Life cycle assessment of environment-compatible flame retardants
(GA No: 226563)
Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) will be phased out because of their environmental hazards. Less toxic alternatives appear to be available already but comprehensive information on their possible toxicological effects are lacking. ENFIRO offers a prototypical case study on substitution options for BFRs resulting in a comprehensive dataset on viability of production and application, environmental safety, and a complete life cycle assessment.
ENFIRO will contribute to the phasing out of BFRs as proposed in the European Water Framework Directive. The approach and the results of ENFIRO will be useful for similar substitution studies, e.g. in REACH. Following a study on literature and industrial information, and prioritizing , three flame retardant (FR)/product combinations will be selected (e.g. metal-based FRs, phosphorous-based and nanoclay-based FRs in printed circuit boards, paints and foam). These will be studied for environmental and toxicological risks, and for viability of industrial implementation, i.e. production of the FR, fire safety and application of the FR into products (electronics, furniture, paints, foams, etc.).
All information from these tests will be used for a risk assessment. The outcome of that assessment will, together with socio-economic information be used in a complete life cycle assessment.
Compact, Smart and Reliable Drive Unit for Fully Electric Vehicles
(GA no: 313980)
The project aims at new system architecture for drive-trains by developing a smart, compact and durable single-wheel drive unit with integrated electric motor, compact transmission, full SiC power electronics (switches and diodes), a novel control and health monitoring module with wireless communication, and an advanced ultra-compact cooling solution. The advances over the current state of the art can be summarized as follows: 20% higher energy efficiency and thus extended driving range due to dramatic reductions in the vehicle weight (30%) and in the losses in the power module (50%-70%) Increased performance, flexibility as well as safety and reliability due to close hardware-in-the-loop control Reduced cost-of-ownership for the end-user due to prognostic maintenance advise, factor 2 increase in lifetime and uptime of the smart drive unit, and minimized usage of expensive mechanical parts and cabling Within this project, these ambitious goals will primarily be demonstrated for commercial electric vehicles. In addition, the new architecture will be adapted to other vehicle platform such as vans, pick-up and even passenger cars.
Dag Andersson firstname.lastname@example.org